[Tdwg-guid] Demise of Phyloinformatics journal

Dave Vieglais vieglais at ku.edu
Tue Nov 28 04:07:53 CET 2006

I think such a system is quite well within the grasp of this community- even
without any particularly novel new developments.  We have a system for unique
IDs (LSIDs) which can be assigned to each document (actually each combination
of object + metadata).  Assuming the documents are stored in an environment
exposed by a protocol such as OAI (Open Archives Initiative), a harvester
could easily retrieve copies of documents (actually any objects with IDs).
There's nothing to stop the harvester cache being exposed by the same
protocol.  With a group of these harvester + OAI servers, and no limits on
subscriptions then each harvester would have a copy of everything, probably an
undesirable outcome.

Harvester reach could be restricted by queries such as "all objects of type
document" or "all objects published before 1999" or any other query supported
by the metadata.  Or, given the availability of one or more indexers, which
index all the available OAI services, a query such as "all objects for which
there are only 9 copies" could be executed.  The result would be a list of
LSIDs that need to be retrieved by the cache.  Of course there will be time
lags between index and harvester states, so there will likely end up being
more than 10 copies of objects per cache, but is that really a problem?

All the pieces necessary for building such a system already exist in the
WASABI framework - LSID assignment, OAI server, OAI harvester, indexer, cache.
The only real modification is to adapt the WASABI server to store objects
along with their metadata, but this was kind of planned to support media
objects.  I don't mean to preach WASABIsh here, such a topic has been on my
mind for a while (actually distributed object storage, not just documents).
TAPIR and other protocols would probably work just fine as well with some

It seems pretty simple, but perhaps I'm missing some important pieces?

  Dave V.

Richard Pyle said the following on 28-11-2006 09:05:
> Great article, Markus! Very similar to what I had in mind.  I've never
> visited BitTorrent, but I gather that its structure and function are not
> altogether different from the original Napster.  Your description of a
> system that monitors available copies of any digital document and
> automatically ensures that a minimum number of copies are extant is
> *exactly* what I was thinking.  In my view, there wouldn't be only one "hall
> monitor" server, but dozens or hundreds (likely correlated with major
> institutions or hard-core individuals with ample available storage space).
> And I would probably draw the line for minimum number of copies at closer to
> 100 or so, and also include algorithms to ensure they are adequately
> distributed on geographic scales. Obviously, GUIDs would be a critical
> component of such a system.
> It's a much bigger issue than our community is able to solve, I think -- but
> certainly we could implement some pilot projects along these lines for our
> own data needs, to see how such a system might work within our context.
> Aloha,
> Rich
>> -----Original Message-----
>> From: tdwg-guid-bounces at mailman.nhm.ku.edu 
>> [mailto:tdwg-guid-bounces at mailman.nhm.ku.edu] On Behalf Of 
>> "Döring, Markus"
>> Sent: Monday, November 27, 2006 5:56 AM
>> To: tdwg-guid at mailman.nhm.ku.edu
>> Subject: Re: [Tdwg-guid] Demise of Phyloinformatics journal
>> Richards post and Napster keyword reminded me of a vague idea 
>> I had for some time to use P2P networks like bittorrent as an 
>> persitent storage space. You can read about it a bit more 
>> closely here:
>> http://www.pywrapper.com/markus/blog/2006/using-bittorrent-as-
>> a-persistent-storage-space/
>> Don't take it as a real proposal, but I like the general idea 
>> if it. It might even have been done already within the GRID 
>> community. But it conveys the original internet idea of 
>> distributing resources and minimizing impact if a nodes gets lost.
>> A quite nice discussion by the way.
>> Markus
>> --
>>  Markus Döring
>>  Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin Dahlem,  Dept. of 
>> Biodiversity Informatics  Königin-Luise-Str. 6-8, D-14191 Berlin
>>  Phone: +49 30 83850-284
>>  Email: m.doering at bgbm.org
>>  URL: http://www.bgbm.org/BioDivInf/
>>> -----Original Message-----
>>> From: tdwg-guid-bounces at mailman.nhm.ku.edu
>>> [mailto:tdwg-guid-bounces at mailman.nhm.ku.edu] On Behalf Of Richard 
>>> Pyle
>>> Sent: Sonntag, 26. November 2006 20:42
>>> To: 'P. Bryan Heidorn'; tdwg-guid at mailman.nhm.ku.edu; 'Taxacom'
>>> Subject: Re: [Tdwg-guid] Demise of Phyloinformatics journal
>>> I only just now read Bryan Heidorn's excellent post on this topic 
>>> (below). One thing I would add is that the nature of the 
>> internet and 
>>> electronic information allow us opportunities to ensure 
>> permanence and 
>>> access that were either impossible, or prohibitively 
>> expensive even a 
>>> decade ago.  Imagine, for example, an internet protocol 
>> that allowed 
>>> both institutions and individuals to "plug in" and expose their 
>>> digitial catalogs of stored electronic publications (and other 
>>> resources) such that the whereabouts of literally thousands 
>> of copies 
>>> of every electronic publication could be known to anyone. 
>> The system I 
>>> envision is somewhat of a cross between existing protocols for 
>>> interlibrary loan, and the original Napster.  Certainly all 
>> sorts of 
>>> copyright issues need to be sorted out, but these are short-term 
>>> problems (less than a century), compared to the long-term
>>> (multi-millenia?) issue of information persistence. The point is, 
>>> knowing the whereabaouts of extant copies of digital documents, 
>>> coupled with the amazing ease and low cost of duplication 
>> and global 
>>> dissemination (not to mention plummeting costs of 
>> electronic storage 
>>> media), would virtually guarantee the long-term persistence 
>> of digital 
>>> information.
>>> Any system is, of course, vulnerable to the collapse (or major 
>>> perturbation) of human civilization.  And the electronic translator 
>>> problem I alluded to in an earlier post cannot be ignored.  But to 
>>> pretend that the potential doesn't exist or shouldn't be actively 
>>> pursued is pure folly, in my opinion.
>>> Aloha,
>>> Rich
>>> Richard L. Pyle, PhD
>>> Database Coordinator for Natural Sciences
>>>   and Associate Zoologist in Ichthyology Department of Natural 
>>> Sciences, Bishop Museum
>>> 1525 Bernice St., Honolulu, HI 96817
>>> Ph: (808)848-4115, Fax: (808)847-8252
>>> email: deepreef at bishopmuseum.org
>>> http://hbs.bishopmuseum.org/staff/pylerichard.html
>>>> -----Original Message-----
>>>> From: tdwg-guid-bounces at mailman.nhm.ku.edu
>>>> [mailto:tdwg-guid-bounces at mailman.nhm.ku.edu] On Behalf Of P. 
>>>> Bryan Heidorn
>>>> Sent: Friday, November 24, 2006 8:22 AM
>>>> To: tdwg-guid at mailman.nhm.ku.edu; Taxacom
>>>> Subject: Re: [Tdwg-guid] Demise of Phyloinformatics journal
>>>> The problem and solution has less to do with the Internet 
>> and more 
>>>> to do with institutional longevity.
>>>> The permanence of paper has less to do with acid free 
>> paper and more 
>>>> to do with the relative permanence of the institutions that house 
>>>> them. Most paper documents over a hundred years old have 
>> been lost 
>>>> forever because there were no permanent institutions to hold them 
>>>> until the advent of public and academic libraries. Papers in 
>>>> individual scientists collections are discarded when they 
>> die. War 
>>>> and economic upheavals left paper in rain and fire. It is 
>> foolhardy 
>>>> to assume that what is on paper is safe.
>>>> We know that dissemination of information in electronic 
>> form is must 
>>>> more economical than paper dissemination. The issue is 
>> development 
>>>> of proper institutions with adequate stable funding to 
>> develop and 
>>>> maintain copies into "perpetuity".
>>>> Commercial publishers, are clearly not the answer for 
>> preservation. 
>>>> Corporations and publishers go out of business all the 
>> time. It is 
>>>> only because libraries kept paper copies that we still have a 
>>>> record.
>>>> Digital preservation and access problems exist for all 
>> sciences and 
>>>> government documents so there is no need to the biodiversity 
>>>> community to go it alone on this. We are just in the beginning of 
>>>> the digital publishing history and have not yet 
>> established adequate 
>>>> preservation mechanisms within libraries to handle data curation, 
>>>> preservation and access in all the situations where it is 
>> necessary.
>>>> There are projects underway world wide to address this issue. 
>>>> In the United States the Library of Congress The National Digital 
>>>> Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program http:// 
>>>> www.digitalpreservation.gov/ is one example. The U.S.
>>>> Government agency the Institute of Museum and Library Services 
>>>> (IMLS) http:// www.imls.gov/ began grant programs to train 
>>>> librarians and museum curators in digital librarianship and most 
>>>> recently in digital data curation 
>>>> http://www.imls.gov/applicants/grants/
>>>> 21centuryLibrarian.shtm is addressing the education issues. 
>>>> The University of North Carolina
>>> http://www.ils.unc.edu/digccurr2007/
>>>> papers.html and the University of Illinois 
>> http://sci.lis.uiuc.edu/ 
>>>> DCEP/ have begun working on best practices and education. 
>> This week 
>>>> say the successful Data Curation Conference (DCC) in Glasgow, 
>>>> Scotland http://www.dcc.ac.uk/events/dcc-2006/. DCC will 
>> be running 
>>>> "Long-term Curation and Preservation of Journals"
>>>> 31 January 2007. (as an aside, at DCC conference I saw 
>> results of a 
>>>> survey in "Attitudes and aspirations in a diverse world: 
>> the Project 
>>>> StORe perspective on scientific repositories" Graham Pryor, 
>>>> University of Edinburgh http://www.dcc.ac.uk/events/dcc-2006/
>>>> programme/presentations/g-pryor.ppt that more scientists trusted 
>>>> publishers to save their digital documents than their home 
>>>> institutions and libraries! It is clear that scientists are 
>>>> generally not trained in economics and that the information 
>>>> technology management of many institutions must be abysmal!
>>>> We need something like to 5 institution rule for distribution to 
>>>> apply for digital documents. Digital documents need to be 
>> replicated 
>>>> as well for both access and preservation.
>>>> Institutions like the Internet Archive help with some of 
>> the current 
>>>> problems.
>>>> Institutional Repositories (IR) are another. Many 
>> universities and 
>>>> libraries world wide are beginning these. It is authors'
>>>> responsibility  to deposit their publications in these 
>> institutions 
>>>> and to support their creation. JSTOR and other institutions also 
>>>> exist. They all have their weaknesses and additional research, 
>>>> development and funding is needed to adequately address 
>> the issues.
>>>> Also, all journals need to be managed using good data curation 
>>>> principles but al too often the publishers in spite of best 
>>>> intentions are not educated in such issues.
>>>> Digital publishing of taxonomic literature are not the 
>> full answer 
>>>> for current poor dissemination of taxonomic literature. 
>> The deposit 
>>>> of a published name in five institutions is a 
>> preservation rule, not 
>>>> a dissemination rule.  We hurt science and human health 
>> is we do not 
>>>> at the same time address the information access issue.  
>> We need to 
>>>> aspire to better dissemination and preservation. Electronic 
>>>> publishing will help but only if appropriate institutions 
>> in place.
>>>> On the smaller issue, DOIs for publications, electronic 
>> or paper is 
>>>> a no-brainer. URLs were never designed to be permanent. URLs were 
>>>> designed to be reused and be flexible.
>>>> With DOIs we can place the same paper in multiple digital or 
>>>> physical locations and reliably find copies.
>>>> Bryan Heidorn
>>>> --
>> --------------------------------------------------------------------
>>>>    P. Bryan Heidorn    Graduate School of Library and 
>> Information  
>>>> Science
>>>>    pheidorn at uiuc.edu   University of Illinois at 
>>>> Urbana-Champaign MC-493
>>>>    (V)217/ 244-7792    501 East Daniel St., Champaign, IL  
>>> 61820-6212
>>>>    (F)217/ 244-3302    https://netfiles.uiuc.edu/pheidorn/www
>>>> On Nov 24, 2006, at 9:54 AM, Renato De Giovanni wrote:
>>>>> Rod,
>>>>> Thanks for sharing with us the information. I already
>>> imagined that
>>>>> things like that could happen, but it's always better to
>>>> argue having
>>>>> real examples.
>>>>> Anyway, just in case someone reading the story decides to
>>>> blame URLs,
>>>>> I just wanted to say that in my opinion the main issue
>>> here is not
>>>>> the technology or the GUID format being used. It's the
>>>> business model
>>>>> and the management strategy.
>>>>> I can easily imagine similar things happening to DOIs,
>>>> LSIDs or other
>>>>> kinds of issued GUIDs if the institution(s) behind them simply 
>>>>> disappear.
>>>>> Best Regards,
>>>>> Renato
>>>>> --
>>>>> IT Researcher
>>>>> CRIA - Reference Center on Environmental Information 
>>>>> http://www.cria.org.br/
>>>>> On 24 Nov 2006 at 13:37, Roderic Page wrote:
>>>>>> The Open Access web-only journal "Phyloinformatics" 
>>> seems to have
>>>>>> disappeared, with the Internet address http:// 
>>>>>> www.phyloinformatics.org now up for sale. This means the
>>> articles
>>>>>> have just disappeared!
>>>>>> There weren't many papers published, but some were
>>>> interesting and
>>>>>> have
>>>>>> been cited in the mainstream literature.
>>>>>> This also illustrates the problems with linking to digital
>>>> resources
>>>>>> using URLs, as opposed to identifiers such as DOIs. With
>>>> the loss of
>>>>>> the domain name, this journal has effectively died.
>>>>>> A sobering lesson...
>>>>>> Regards
>>>>>> Rod
>>>>> _______________________________________________
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