[tdwg-content] Heretics and illuminati, oh my! [SEC=UNCLASSIFIED]

Peter DeVries pete.devries at gmail.com
Mon May 9 21:06:39 CEST 2011

The various elements like #Observation, #Image, #Identification within the
TaxonConcept species concepts are similar to puns.

This is designed to follow OWL2

Note that the Honey Bee http://lod.taxonconcept.org/ses/z9oqP#Species


    <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="
    <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="
    <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="
    <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="
    <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="
    <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="
    <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="

In part this was designed so that the species concept could be an owl class
while the occurrence of a Honey Bee is an instance of the class
It is tied to the species concept because an Honey Bee occurrence record is
also an instance of http://lod.taxonconcept.org/ses/z9oqP#Occurrence


RDF   http://ocs.taxonconcept.org/ocs/0da685c9-9cdc-4dff-baf3-38d1bdbc6552.rdf

Similarly now and identification of a Honey Bee  is both an instance of
txn:Identification and an instance of

This SPARQL Query describe all the identification events for the Honey Bee.

describe ?s where { ?s a <
http://lod.taxonconcept.org/ses/z9oqP#Identification> }


or via bit.ly  http://bit.ly/iDRIaY

- Pete

On Mon, May 9, 2011 at 1:09 AM, Paul Murray <pmurray at anbg.gov.au> wrote:

> On 09/05/2011, at 2:07 PM, Kevin Richards wrote:
> > Paul
> >
> > I had the same thought (ie the x is of type dwc:Taxon, y is of type
> tc:Taxon, we know dwc:Taxon and tc:Taxon are equivalent, so we can
> reasonably compare x and y).
> > And this is built into standard semantic web reasoners - which is a
> bonus.
> > But this was debated (taking into account Bob Morris' issue) with respect
> to DwC and it was decided the benefits weren't significantly better than
> having a "dwc:isInCategory" sort of property that could then be "equivalent
> to" another class property and therefore giving you a similar advantage
> (admittedly not as good, but similar).
> > Do you think this is reasonable or are we just losing too much semantic
> web benefits by not specifying the domain constraint?
> A thing to watch out for is that in OWL DL, you cannot apply ordinary data
> and object properties to vocabulary objects (classes, predicates) - you can
> only apply annotation properties. If you apply an ordinary data property to
> a class, OWL DL treats this as what it calls "punning": it decides that
> there is a class named X and also a named individual named X, and that these
> have nothing to do with one another. The individual has properties, the
> class has members, and the annotation properties, well: whatever. Reasoners
> do not reason over annotation properties: indeed - that's the entire point.
> Attempting to put properties on properties and having classes being
> instances of classes results in things that are mathematically undecidable
> ("this statement cannot be proven to be true").
> (another reason is that is allows you to put dc:comments and labels on
> classes, and even if you declare those classes to be equivalent nevertheless
> the comment only applies to the particular thing you put it on)
> This all means that dwc:isInCategory, if you want to apply it to dwc:taxon
> or other classes, will never have any meaning that semweb "engines" can get
> at. The underlying thing is that dwc:isInCategory is actually a
> meta-syntactic construct: rather than using owl to define a vocabulary, you
> are effectively attempting to extend OWL itself.
> But ... maybe that's ok. Maybe what is attempting to be done here only ever
> needs to be understood by humans.
> Now ... if what you are trying to do is to define "Fish" as an owl class as
> well as as a Taxon object - that is do-able, even to the point of being able
> to get inheritance working, using reflexive properties.  At least ... I
> think it is. I should write a test case.
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Pete DeVries
Department of Entomology
University of Wisconsin - Madison
445 Russell Laboratories
1630 Linden Drive
Madison, WI 53706
Email: pdevries at wisc.edu
TaxonConcept <http://www.taxonconcept.org/>  &
GeoSpecies<http://about.geospecies.org/> Knowledge
A Semantic Web, Linked Open Data <http://linkeddata.org/>  Project
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